Bulgaria is a small country, located in South Central Europe . Bulgaria shares a border with: Macedonia and Yugoslavia to the west, Greece and Turkey tothe south, Romania to the north and the Black Sea to the east. It is a beautiful holiday destination with places worth seeing and a coastline with a lot of nice beaches.
AREA: Bulgaria is 111 000 km2 and the population is more or less 8 000 000. The capital city of Bulgaria is Sofia-1.2 million. Others: Varna 340 000, Plovdiv 330 000.
Bulgaria possesses a varied relief, in the altitude range from 0 to 2,925 m. Its territory includes part of the lower Danube Plain, The Balkan Range – part of the Alpine-and-Himalayan chain, part of the Thracian lowland and to the south – the mountain structures of the Macedonian-Thracian massif. The predominant climate in Bulgaria is moderate and transitional continental with plenty of sunlight days per year. There are four seasons, with warm summer and snowy winter. The average yearly temperature is 10.5 °C.
The Bulgarian mountains which occupy half of the country’s territory, are easily accessible, and are a prime destination for both winter and summer tourist activities, including skiing, hiking, fishing, canoeing. The major mountain ranges are Rila, Pirin, Rhodope and Stara Planina. Mussala peak in the Rila mountain range is the highest point on the Balkan peninsula.
Much of the Black sea coast is covered by long beaches with fine white sand. The sea itself is non-tidal, less salty and warmer than the Mediterranean. The tourism sector has flourished in recent years and holds a firm lead in the Bulgarian economy.
Bulgaria is famous for its natural hot mineral water-springs, 1500 of them alltogether. The country is very rich in ancient monumentsand artifacts from different epochs in its 1300 year old history and beyond. Thracians, romans, slaves, greeks and turks have left their mark and heritage to be appreciated by locals and tourists alike. The country has 10 UNESCO world culture heritage cities. Numerous monasteries, churches and mosques, some having hundreds of years of history.